Relic of nobler days, and noblest art.”

THIS wonderful stay of by-gone business and style is indifferently ascribed to the Emperor Yalens, and to Justinian; no optimistic document of its date or founder being now in existence. It spans a stunning hill-embosomed valley close to Pyrgo, and is one in all a number of aqueducts nonetheless in existence between town of Constantinople, and the attractive, romantic, and Prank-peopled hamlet of Belgrade, on the Black Sea.

The need of an ample provide of water to a inhabitants of practically eight hundred thousand souls, and the frequency of drought within the capital, have led to nice care and a few ingenuity in its conveyance to the cisterns and reservoirs of town from the quite a few streams that fall from the mountains which fence the Euxine, and the rivulets that irrigate the valleys amongst them. Even- rill, nonetheless apparently trifling, is arrested in its progress, when it descends from a peak into the decrease lands; by which implies the valleys turn out to be inundated, and type deep and intensive lakes, whence the water is conveyed in tile pipes alongside the mountains, to pour its quantity into the aqueducts which span the valleys, and provides a noble character to the wild panorama. These synthetic reservoirs are known as bendts, and have been initially shaped by the Greeks; and the dams by which they’re shut in are mounds, confronted with marble, sculptured in oriental units and characters, that are extraordinarily imposing, and even magnificent. The Turks are, nonetheless, struggling the aqueducts of their predecessors to fall slowly to decay; and have provided their locations by indifferent sq. hydraulic pillars, sufficiently ingenious of their development to advantage description. A small reservoir is on the summit of every ; and tubes, just like these laid alongside the heights, pour the water into this tank on one facet, and discharge it on the opposite. Every pillar is six inches decrease than that which preceded it; and thus a gradual descent is produced alongside the tops of those suy-terrasi, or columns, from the mountains to Stamboul; and as they’re unfold in appreciable numbers over the nation, the provision is mostly plentiful, although it typically fails when the season is unusuall}- dry, as within the years 1S22 and 1S3G.

Individuals just like the Osmanlis

At such intervals, the fear of a folks just like the Osmanlis, who not solely join concepts of consolation and comfort with the pure ingredient, however to whom it’s important within the ofiices of their faith, might he readily conceived; and never the least affecting of its demonstrations is the looks of a Dervish on the crest of the Jouchi-Daghi, or Large’s Mountain, whose responsibility it’s to observe for, and to announce to the thirsting metropolis, the anxiously-awaited look of a small, reducing, heavy cloud, hovering above the waves of Marmora, or the Euxine—a sure indication of coming rain, which causes the Christian sojournei within the East to revert directly to the Sacred Quantity, whose holy truths are continuously recalled to his reminiscence within the land of the Infidel.


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