The Jarmo excavation was not more than a constituent a part of the complicated enterprise which Braidwood had embarked upon. Within the mild of his undoubted successes elsewhere, the absence of spectacular outcomes from that individual web site will need to have appeared a really minor disappointment. Within the revealed report of the expedition’s work, different outstanding accomplishments are recorded, notably within the realm of pure science. The zoologists as an illustration have obtained new details about the domestication of animals which makes most stimulating studying. It’s found that the wild sheep was not at first domesticated for the sake of its wool, however for its meat and conceal. Curiosity in its wool got here as a bi-product.
Then there are discoveries in reference to the domestication of grains and different meals vegetation, summarised in what known as a Palaeoethnobotanical Report. Jarmo is proved to be, as Braidwood suspected, inside the space the place the earliest experiments in cereal domestication had been made. Wheat comes first, a few of it nonetheless bearing a resemblance to the wild wheat of the current day, and different kinds exhibiting indicators of domestication beneath synthetic situations. Barley comes into cultivation because of its presence as a weed within the wheat-fields. Then there are non-cereal meals vegetation, resembling peas, lentils and vetches, apparently domesticated, and others resembling pistachios and acorns which appear nonetheless to be proof of food-gathering habits. All this info was obtained from small finds incidental to any Close to Jap excavation, of a kind which regularly obtain essentially the most insufficient examine or are even carelessly discarded. Now for the primary time they could possibly be examined of their unique setting by correctly certified
Little doubt that Braidwood’s enterprise
Usually, there isn’t any doubt that Braidwood’s enterprise made a agency starting within the newdy widened discipline of analysis w7hich he himself had conceived. In the meantime his archaeological discoveries had been being supplemented by excavators of different nationalities in neighbouring international locations, notably at Jericho in Jordan, the place Dr. Ok. Kenyon had penetrated the stays of a “pre-pottery” Neolithic city maybe corresponding in time with the beginnings of the village at Jarmo.1 However nearly a decade was to elapse earlier than a setting was lastly discovered by which the actual prodigies of Neolithic accomplishment could possibly be examined on a broader scale and correctly correlated with their subsequent Chalcolithic growth. And when this occurred, it was not in Jordan nor in Mesopotamia, nor even in Braid wooden’s hilly-flanks zone, however within the western uplands of Anatolia; a rustic which till not too long ago had hardly been credited wuth a formative civilization sooner than the third millennium B.C. It’s to the mounds of Anatolia that we should now flip our consideration.