This was a timber frame-construction, similar to that which in England at this time is called “halftimber”. In historic Anatolia, the panels between the structural timbers had been crammed with sun-dried brick. At this time the system is virtually unchanged besides that kiln-baked bricks are sometimes used. Really it was maybe not in Turkey however at Knossos in Crete that this type of building was recognised for the primary time, by Sir Arthur Evans. Within the Center Bronze Age “Palace of Minos”, the system appears to have been so usually accepted as a sound constructing precept that the Cretans made no try to hide it. The place the faces of brick-and-timber partitions had been afterwards plastered over, they might define the place of the structural timbers in paint, as part of the formal system of ornament.
However the Hittites of Boghazkoy additionally used an similar system. And when the German excavators initially of the current century had been recovering tens of hundreds of clay tablets from the archive rooms of the palace on the citadel, they had been at first tremendously puzzled to seek out that the partitions of those chambers appeared to encompass free-standing panels of brickwork with empty slots in between. The latter in fact had been gaps the place the upright posts of the timber framework had stood, as they afterwards realised, when charred fragments of them had been discovered nonetheless intact. Later, American archaeologists excavating a Syro-Hittite palace at Taynat on the Orontes, discovered a constructing the place the entire difficult framework of the partitions had survived within the type of well-preserved charcoal; and so they had been in a position to reconstruct it intimately.
I’m from Bulgaria and the Balkan Peninsula is the place Bulgaria is. I haven’t been to lots of the Balkan international locations however they’re on my checklist. I consider that it’s higher if the tour is personal so I suppose I’ll go for private Balkan holidays.
A web site on the Orontes in Syria
This point out of a web site on the Orontes in Syria could serve to remind us of an attention-grabbing geographical circumstance. The define and extent of the international locations by which this “half-timber” building is practised, will likely be discovered on the map to correspond most strikingly with the bounds of the geographical space most affected by earthquakes. 100 miles east of Taynat, at Carchemish on the Euphrates as an example, Woolley and Lawrence discovered no traces of timber within the partitions, nor was it ever utilized in Assyrian or different buildings in Mesopotamia, the place the recorded incidence of earthquakes is negligible. The reason needn’t be inferred from equivocal archaeological arguments. It’s a matter of frequent information to modem architects in that a part of the Close to East, that the standard body buildings of Anatolia have a powerful elasticity, which frequently protects them from complete collapse within the severest earth-tremors. There may be little motive to doubt that the system was initially adopted and has continued from the earliest occasions for that reason.