Because the excavation descended, the partitions of every successive temple had been deliberate and recorded, after which utterly eliminated to be able to isolate the stratigraphic setting of objects within the temple beneath. Solely the outer enclosure partitions had been left standing, partly to present a agency vertical face to the excavation and partly as a result of, by articulating their brick bonding and marking the traces of successive pavements, they remained as an in situ file of the archaeological part, precisely as “balks” do in a standard western-type excavation. The Sin Temple excavation continued on this means all the way down to Temple three. After that, its space needed to be decreased owing to the saturated situation of the soil; however past this space, the ability of the wall- tracers generally enabled them to increase the plan by tunnelling alongside the wall-faces. In Temple 1 this process turned harmful owing to the seepage of water from beneath.
Whereas work on the Sin Temple was in progress at Khafaje, a fantastic effort was being made at Inform Asmar and elsewhere to ascertain the chronology of the Early Dynastic interval of Sumerian historical past, which had already been subdivided into three recognisable sub-phases. All three of those phases— “E.D.I., II and El” had been represented within the historical past of the Sin Temple, in addition to two earlier intervals, at the moment generally known as “Proto-Dynastic”. Any archaeological proof, due to this fact, which may very well be discovered to throw mild on the precise length in years of the assorted constructing intervals needed to be thought-about as of first-rate significance. With this in thoughts, Delougaz was in a position to exploit his newly perfected digging method to make some sophisticated and really good deductions.
One astonishing accomplishment on this respect
One astonishing accomplishment on this respect is illustrated by two pictures within the report. The primary reveals a stairway of mud brick, approaching the north-east entrance to Temple 7. Included in it are two distinct occupations of the constructing, that are marked “a” and “b”. The ground within the foreground and the three backside steps belong to the primary occupation. The ground of the second occupation has been minimize away, exhibiting the corresponding wall-face, barely over-hanging that of the primary.
Delougaz recognised that this overhang was attributable to successive replasterings of the partitions through the second occupation. He had already noticed domestically that, in any vital mud brick buildings in use at this time day, the plaster deteriorates quickly and the partitions are due to this fact rigorously replastered every year, often within the autumn earlier than the winter rains. He accordingly realised that, if the variety of replasterings may very well be counted, a corresponding variety of years may in all probability be attributed to the occupation interval involved.